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LESSON THREE: STARTER STUDIES

Staff and Keyboard

Student NotesAs you look at the notes above you will see that a note can have a solid black circle or a black circle with a hole in it.

You will also notice that some notes have a line that extends upward from the note. In some cases, these lines have a little flag at the top of them. The line that extends upward from the note is called the "Stem." The flag that trails off from the stem is called a "Flag." The note is being "flagged" to tell you it's rhythmic name. Let's look at some of the different kinds of "Flags."


This is the stem for a Quarter note (quarter notes do not have any flag and have a solid black circle)-

This is the stem and flag for an Eighth note (notice it has a solid black circle)-

This is the stem and flag for a Sixteenth note (notice it has a solid black circle)-

This is the stem for a Half note (half notes do not have any flag and they use a black circle with a hole in it)-

This is a Whole note (whole notes do not have any flag or stem and they use a black circle with a hole in it)-


To summarize, notes have at least two parts to their description. And if they are a sharped or flatted, they can have three parts.

  • Melodic part of the name.
  • Rhythmic part of the name.
  • Sharp or Flat part of the name.


Well Done! You are on your way to being able to read and play what you read on the piano. In our next lesson we will learn more about Rhythm and the part it plays in the language of music. Again. Well Done!

Java Quiz Number 3
1. A Whole Note equals ____ half notes added together.
2. The staff is subdivided into parts called _____ .
3. Two eight notes plus one quarter note equals _____ .
4. Two quarter notes plus one half note equals _____ .

Score =
Correct answers:

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