In
order for someone to play music, and not
just the notes in a random way, they
will need a kind of map to tell them which
note to play, when to play it, and for how
long. It is like a hiker on a trip. The
hiker's map tells them where to go, how
to get there, where to rest, and how long
(or short) to stay if they want to get to
the end of their journey on time. Reading
a piece of music is a kind of hiker's map.
And if more than one person is playing the
same music with you, you will both need a
map to tell you which note to play,
where to rest, and how fast or slow to go
so that you both end your journey
at the same time. This is what measures
and beats do for you. They are the directions
on a map to play music (a musical map).
These
map directions are written on the "Staff."
The staff is divided into very small parts
of a journey. These parts are called
"measures,"and the measures
are divided into even smaller parts called
"beats."
This is where the math of music begins.
If you add all the beats together in 1 measure,
they need to equal the size shown for that
measure. Let's say that we have a measure
size of 1. Let us also say that we have
4 beats divided equally within that measure.
What
size do 4 equal beats need to be to equal
1 when they are all added together?
1/4
each.
If you add 4 quarters together you get 1.
What
size do 8 equal beats need to be to equal
1 when they are all added together?
1/8
each.
If you add 8 eighths together you get 1.
What
size do 16 equal beats need to be to equal
1 when they are all added together?
1/16
each.
If you add 16 sixteenths together you get
1.
What
size do 2 equal beats need to be to equal
1 when they are all added together?
1/2
each.
If you add 2 halves together you get 1.
What
size does 1 equal beat need to be to equal
1?
1
each.
If you have 1 whole you have 1.
